Ethiopia Has Ushered in the 4G Era

According to the report of The Fiji Times Online, a fourth generation (4G) mobile service has been launched by the state-run telecoms monopoly in the capital Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, because telecoms industry in Ethiopia wants to keep up with the high-speed communications in some east African neighbors like Kenya and Uganda.

It is the fact that telecoms industry is flourishing. We can see the data from the world bank, users around the all Africa are increasing from 25 million in 2001 to almost 650 million in 2013. Analysts say high-speed connections are playing a significant role in the development of economy. As we know, the 4G service in Ethiopia was signed with two Chinese mobile infrastructure two years ago. However, Ethiopia is one of the last countries to monopolize telecoms industry in Africa.

Although Ethiopia has lagged some neighbors in rolling out 4G, it still can reflect that some developing countries in Africa are increasingly improving technology to develop emerging industries. In other words, these countries are no longer poor and backward than before. Just like Ethiopia, it can promote its economy by win-win cooperation.

In the era of Web 2.0., individuals are easier to get news or information from the Internet and the most popular devices that people like to use is mobile phones (Lee, 2012), so that it is very important to develop telecoms industry, not only for natives but also for media.

Note: Lee, A.Y.L., 2012. Online news media in the Web 2.0 era: from boundary dissolution to journalistic transformation. Chinese Journal of Communication, 5(December 2014), pp.210–226.

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Parents in Ethiopia Can Save Their Premature Babies by using holding them

Hospital staff in Ethiopia encourage new parents to use ‘Kangaroo Care’ to save their premature babies. This method, which has developed in South Africa decades ago, is helping premature and underweight babies to grow with the help of skin-to-skin contact. Because incubators are rare in hospitals, and even if they are available in hospitals, the electricity supply isn’t reliable enough to keep them running. Thus, new parents have no choice but to use ‘Kangaroo Care’ to keep their baby alive.

Although, in recent years, the government of Ethiopia has taken an increasing number of measures to help mothers and babies alive, for examples, they have brought in more maternity and infant ICUs in hospitals, and they have improved the traffic from villages to hospitals. And these actions seem to be working because the mortality of infants has decreased four-fold since 1990.

According to this news, we can see that the problem of premature babies surviving in Ethiopia is still existing, and it can also turn out the difference between life and death for thousands of infants born prematurely in the developing world.
As far as I am concerned, one of the roles of journalism is reflecting issues or facts to the public from represented examples and journalists should be good at finding news or information from different sources (Berglez, 2008).

Note: Berglez, P., 2008. What Is Global Journalism? Journalism Studies, 9(October 2014), pp.845–858.

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Reporting Neutrality about Climate Aims of Ethiopia

Kare Chawicha, who heads Ethiopia’s Ministry of Environment and Forest, was interviewed by Thomson Reuters Foundation today, and he talked about the relationship between development of economy and environment in Ethiopia. In addition, the Ministry of Environment and Forest in Ethiopia is responsible for protecting and conserving Ethiopia’s environment due to a rapidly growing economy.

Thomson Reuters Foundation reports the issues that Ethiopia is facing up with through interviewing Chawicha, and there are four environmental issues on account of development of Economy:

  • One of the issues is deforestation because of over grazing, overharvesting of plants and over wood consumption at a household level.
  • In order to development, Ethiopia is bringing in traditionally high polluting industries, such as leather, textiles and metals.
  • Owing to the growth of population in Ethiopia, an increasing number of people buy more cars for traveling and charcoal for heating.
  • Over 80% of people in Ethiopia live in rural areas and they make a living by planting that possible causes degrading soils.

From my perspectives, this interview is not only credible and reliable because it belongs to the primary sources, but also can reflect the problems that the environment of Ethiopia is facing. This media organization chooses different sides to report the development of Ethiopia. As Berglez (2008) writes that global journalism is reporting news in multi-angles rather than merely focus on one side.

Note: Berglez, P., 2008. What Is Global Journalism? Journalism Studies, 9(October 2014), pp.845–858.

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Ethiopia: Africa’s new hydropower and air hub?

There are two infrastructure projects being constructed or planned for the near future in Ethiopia–the gigantic Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), and a huge new international airport outside of the capital Addis Ababa that will be as big as London’s Heathrow.

It is known that Ethiopia is attempting to change their major economic industry from traditional agriculture to modern industry because the rate of the economy in Ethiopia has increased since 2000, and it decides to become a hydro-electric powerhouse and a regional airport hub.

Indeed, some news stories about the dam and the airport have been reported by plenty of media organization as well as my blog focusing on these two news last week. At the end of this report, it wrote that its government had drawn heavily from the authoritarian development model of China and Singapore by liberalizing the economy, and one member of Ethiopia’s 547-seat national legislature opposed the government’s programs because he thought these programs were for election.

Ruth Lister (2004) said: ‘ different groups within a society may construct it in different ways. Because of the moral imperative of poverty and its implications for the distribution of resources both within and between societies’, it is closely related to politics. As far as I am concerned, whatever the purpose of this government’s programs, it is undeniable that these projects will make a big contribution to the economy of Ethiopia.

Note: Lugo-Ocando, J. (2015). The presentation of Journalism, Globalization And Development, Lecture 2.

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Ethiopia is involved in Globalization

According to the report in the Financial Times, in emerging markets many international companies have already sought new countries to be at their new production bases, due to falling commodity prices and Chinese demand dwindling. Therefore, companies want to invest in other developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. That will often mean having Ethiopia on their shortlist.

Turkey is currently the leading country investing in Ethiopia – Turkish companies have invested $1.2bn in the last decade. Other big names that have recently announced investment plans include Unilever, GE and GSK. By 2020, Coca-Cola hopes to sell 100m unit cases in Ethiopia, putting it on par with Egypt and South Africa.

On one hand, there is no doubt that investors from other countries could help Ethiopia to develop its economy and improving the standard of life for people in Ethiopia; on the other hand, domestic companies may be reinforced by these international companies on account of technology, capital and markets.

This form of development can be regarded as the part of the process of globalization. Thus, from my perspective, although the government of Ethiopia use liberal market policy to attract more investments to develop its economy, it should take steps to protect their domestic industry. However, it is sometimes difficult to control the processing of globalization, because ‘a globalized present inescapably extends responsibility beyond representatives of local and national governments to the individual’ (Barbara Adams, 1996).

Note: Barbara Adams, ‘Re-vision: The centrality of time for an ecological social science perspective’ in Lash et al (ed.) (1996) Risk, Environment and Modernity

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Ethiopia is Building a New International Airport ‘As Big As Heathrow’

Ethiopia will be set to complete expansion work on Addis Ababa Bole International Airport in 2018 and is planning to commission a new facility to meet rising demand.

According to the data from Global Construction Review (GCR), Bole handled fewer than a million passengers a year in the last decade, but that rose to 7 million in 2014, and the number of passengers is expected to continue increasing by 18 per cent a year.

In addition, Plans are needing to be done to build another international airport in Ethiopia, one that could serve 70 million a year, which is about equivalent to London Heathrow.

This news story is belonging to development and its definition is sustainable development. From this news we can see that the economy of Ethiopia has increased rapidly, and it can represent that the travel industry in Ethiopia is improving to some extent. The report just focus on the economy and the development, however, it does not notice what will happen to the environment if they build such large airports.

As the concept of Lugo-Ocando (2015), development saw as growth (according to the Western model) instead of control over environment. From my perspective, developing economy is the most significant thing to Ethiopia and this report wants to inform big changes in the aircraft industry in Ethiopia.

Note: Lugo-Ocando, J. (2015). Blaming the Victim: How Global Journalism Fails Those in Poverty. London: Pluto Press (Chapters 3 + Conclusion).

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Modern production methods can promote development

Recently, the government of Ethiopia has invested $5bn in a dam called the Grand Renaissance Dam, which is without any foreign investment. This dam is part of the most ambitious infrastructure projects in Africa. When completed, it will produce about 6000 megawatts of electricity for both domestic use and exports.

However, Egypt and Sudan are arguing about this thing because the dam is being built on Blue Nile, a tributary of the Nile River which has been powering the agriculture of Sudan and Egypt. Zemedeneh Negatu, managing partner at Ernst & Young Ethiopia, says the dam not only good for Ethiopia, but also good for most other East African nations.

This news is taken from the CNN website. From my perspective, the core concept of this news is belonging to development and the definition is economic growth, measures and narratives are GDP and GNP. According to this news coverage, Ethiopia’s per capita income might be one of the lowest in the world, but the country has enjoyed an impressive economic growth since 2000, averaging 10.9% annually, which has resulted in a 33% reduction of people living in poverty.

The government of Ethiopia attempts to use modern production to develop its economy and improve the rate of employment, just as Rogers (1974) writes: ‘New ideas introduced into social system to produce higher per capita incomes and levels of living through more modern production methods and improved social organization’. As far as I am concerned, this is a sustainable way to develop through its own effort rather than accept sustentation fund from other countries.

Note:Rogers, E.M., 1974. Communication in Development. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 412, pp.44–54.

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