Modern production methods can promote development

Recently, the government of Ethiopia has invested $5bn in a dam called the Grand Renaissance Dam, which is without any foreign investment. This dam is part of the most ambitious infrastructure projects in Africa. When completed, it will produce about 6000 megawatts of electricity for both domestic use and exports.

However, Egypt and Sudan are arguing about this thing because the dam is being built on Blue Nile, a tributary of the Nile River which has been powering the agriculture of Sudan and Egypt. Zemedeneh Negatu, managing partner at Ernst & Young Ethiopia, says the dam not only good for Ethiopia, but also good for most other East African nations.

This news is taken from the CNN website. From my perspective, the core concept of this news is belonging to development and the definition is economic growth, measures and narratives are GDP and GNP. According to this news coverage, Ethiopia’s per capita income might be one of the lowest in the world, but the country has enjoyed an impressive economic growth since 2000, averaging 10.9% annually, which has resulted in a 33% reduction of people living in poverty.

The government of Ethiopia attempts to use modern production to develop its economy and improve the rate of employment, just as Rogers (1974) writes: ‘New ideas introduced into social system to produce higher per capita incomes and levels of living through more modern production methods and improved social organization’. As far as I am concerned, this is a sustainable way to develop through its own effort rather than accept sustentation fund from other countries.

Note:Rogers, E.M., 1974. Communication in Development. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 412, pp.44–54.

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